Occasional Papers

Transparency Of European Higher Education Through Public Quality Assurance Reports (EQArep)

The publication is based on the findings of the “Transparency of European higher education through public quality assurance reports (EQArep)” project. This report investigates the current state of content, structure and publication of quality assurance reports while trying to understand the expectations and demands of stakeholders with regard to these reports. This report sheds light on the existing gap between what is expected by the stakeholders and the reality of the situation. In addition, the report provides QA agencies with a set of European Guidelines for summary reports and some generic recommendations on the structure and publication of the comprehensive reports in order to support these agencies in producing reports with understandable and comparable information.

The Concept of Excellence in Higher Education

This report records the discussions of the ENQA Working Group on Excellence over a period of two years and reflects the progress made in describing, evaluating and defining the concept of excellence in higher education. It considers various approaches to the recognition of excellence in higher education, and includes recommendations on how the concept could be applied in the context of the work of quality agencies.


The European Quality Assurance Forum (EQAF) has been organised by the E4 Group (ENQA, ESU, EUA, and EURASHE) since 2006. The 8th Forum, held at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, showed once again that quality assurance professionals derive significant benefits from meeting and exchanging ideas with their colleagues from various national and organisational backgrounds.

Participants from approximately 50 countries, including academics and administrators responsible for internal quality assurance, students, representatives from QA agencies, national authorities, intergovernmental organisations and researchers in quality development in higher education and research, exchanged, discussed and debated together for three days, true to the spirit of this year’s theme “Working together to take quality forward”.

This publication gathers together a sample of the contributions to the Forum, and hopes to serve as an inspiration to everyone involved in QA.

Guidelines for external reviews of quality assurance agencies in the EHEA

The membership regulations of ENQA require all member agencies to undergo an external review at least once every five years. The present Guidelines contain information and guidance to assist agencies to be reviewed, coordinating organisations and review panel members. The Guidelines apply irrespective of whether the review is co-ordinated by ENQA or another body.

Quality Procedures in the European Higher Education Area and Beyond – Visions for the Future (2012)

The present publication is the result of the third ENQA survey on quality procedures of quality assurance agencies across Europe and beyond.

This report presents a collection of current features of good practice in external quality assurance within the new priorities formulated by ENQA and following the ministerial Communiqués, highlighting the connection between the practices and the expected benefits for higher education institutions and stakeholders. In addition, the present report identifies practices that are expected to be implemented by quality assurance agencies, as well as areas where progress needs to be made, thus proposing a vision of the future of quality assurance procedures.

Mapping the Implementation and Application of the ESG (MAP-ESG Project) (2011)

In 2010 the organisations that form the E4 Group launched a project on “Mapping the Implementation and Application of the European Standards and Guidelines on Quality Assurance in Higher Education (MAP-ESG)”.

The project aimed at gathering information on how the ESG have been implemented and applied in the 47 Bologna signatory countries and to launch a thorough discussion on the ESG in their entirety. The report is based on the analysis of expert views from all relevant actors and stakeholders in higher education, notably teachers and students, higher education management and internal quality assurance bodies, external quality assurance agencies, EQAR and ministries, and the social partners. It is the first overarching study on the implementation of the ESG in all its parts, and a thorough analysis of their impact on European higher education.

Evaluation of the reports on agency reviews (2005–2009)

As part of the operation of its strategic plan, the Board of ENQA has undertaken an analysis of the first tranche of review reports of agencies dating from the inception of the process in 2005 until December 2009. This is the first time such an analysis has been carried out. In total, 34 review reports were analysed.

ENQA: 10 years (2000 - 2010) - A decade of European co-operation in quality assurance in higher education

On the occasion of its 10th anniversary, ENQA published this publication to celebrate the accomplishments in the quality assurance of European higher education from the early 1990’s until 2010. The authors of this publication, Dorte Kristoffersen who was already a member of the steering group of the European Pilot Projects, and the first three Chairmen and Presidents Christian Thune, Peter Williams and Bruno Curvale, bring their individual views to the history and present position of ENQA. The publication gives an overview of ENQA’s major milestones and identifies opportunities and challenges for the next decade.

ENQA Position Paper in View of the Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve conference

The ENQA Position Paper in View of the Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve conference has been finalised by the ENQA board and may be found in English and French.

Learning outcomes: Common framework – different approaches to evaluating learning outcomes in the Nordic countries

This report is the outcome of the project conducted by the Nordic Quality Assurance Network in Higher Education (NOQA) in 2007 – 2008 on learning outcomes in the Nordic countries.